Of states mandating

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The Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program is a California state regulation that requires automakers to sell electric cars and trucks in California and 9 states on the east coast (Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont).The exact number of vehicles is linked to the automaker’s overall sales within the state.Belt use laws in only 34 states and the District of Columbia are primary, meaning police may stop vehicles solely for belt law violations.In other jurisdictions, police must have some other reason to stop a vehicle before citing an occupant for failing to buckle up.By directly requiring that automakers invest in clean technology, the ZEV program is considered one of the nation’s most forward-looking climate policies, and a driving force behind an expanding market with a current offer of over 30 zero emission models available to the U. Automakers are then required to maintain ZEV credits equal to a set percentage of non-electric sales.

In some states, these laws cover front-seat occupants only, but belt laws in 29 states and the District of Columbia cover all rear-seat occupants, too.

Child safety seat laws require children to travel in approved child restraints or booster seats and some permit or require older children to use adult safety belts.

The age at which belts can be used instead of child safety seats differs among the states.

Under the ZEV regulation, three distinct vehicle designs are considered “zero emission,” though to varying degrees.

Plug-in hybrid vehicles combine a conventional gasoline-powered engine with a battery that can be recharged from the electrical grid.

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